Coyotes are curious, clever and adaptable, and will take advantage of any food source. Yards with abundant fruit on the ground, pet food, unsecured garbage cans or unattended pets such as small dogs and cats are often easy food sources for coyotes.
Coyotes may consider larger or loud dogs to be a threat to their territory and become aggressive toward them. Coyotes have lured and attacked dogs that are off-leash and bold coyotes have attacked small dogs on retractable leashes.
What Attracts Them?
Generally, coyotes frequent a home or neighborhood if they find food, water or shelter.
- Food can include unattended pets, birds or rodents attracted to bird feeders, pet food, garbage or fallen fruit.
- Water sources can include a pet’s water bowl or a swimming pool.
- Shelter can include a storm drain or any cave-like area beneath a shed, a porch or unused building.
If you see a coyote near your home, don’t ignore it. The coyote may lose its natural fear of humans, which can eventually lead to bold behavior.
How to Scare off a Coyote
- Make loud noises, but DO NOT turn and run away, the animal may view it as an opportunity to chase.
- Keep eye contact.
- Shout and bang pots and pans or rattle empty soda cans with pebbles in it (coyote shaker).
- Wave your hands or objects like sticks and brooms.
- Throw small stones or cans.
- Spray the coyote with a hose.
- Use a commercial repellent like Mace, if necessary, on bold animals that refuse to leave.
- Move toward other people, a